What diseases do ticks transmit to dogs?

What diseases do ticks transmit to dogs?

Ticks are parasites that attach themselves to dogs, attracted by the warmth and motion and then feed on their blood and thus transmit diseases directly into the dog’s system. The most important thing is to remove the whole tick, particularly its head as quickly as possible.

1.      Lyme disease – this is an infection caused by the bacteria a tick carries called Borrelia burgdorferi and is carried by the deer tick. The tick must be attached to the dog  for approximately 48 hours in order to transmit the bacteria in to the dogs bloodstream.

In general, symptoms in dogs can be difficult to detect and may not appear until several months after infection and to make matters worse symptoms may come and go and can and mimic other health conditions.

Some common symptoms of this disease can include any of the following:

  • Spontaneous and shifting leg lameness that lasts for three to four days
  • A loss of appetite and / or depression
  • Reluctance to move
  • Swollen lymph nodes or joints
  • Fatigue

Canine Ehrlichiosis – is the most common and one of the most dangerous tick-borne diseases to infect dogs and is transmitted by the brown dog tick.

Signs typically appear less than a month after a tick bite and can last for about four weeks. Like Lyme disease symptons to appear can include:

  • Fever
  • A loss of appetite
  • Depression
  • Weight loss
  • Runny eyes and nose
  • Nose bleeds
  • Swollen limbs

A blood test is required for both of the above followed by antibiotics for a few weeks to ensure its complete removal.  A vaccine is available for Lyme disease but there is no vaccine available for ehrlichiosis.

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